Common Cannabis Terms

Cannabis:  Cannabis refers to a species of plant with various hybrid and original strains. Though it generally grows wild in many of the tropical and temperate areas of the world, cannabis can be grown in almost any climate.

Cannabinoids:  Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds in the cannabis plant. Cannabis sativa plant is home to 480 natural chemical compounds, 66 of which fall in the cannabinoid classification. As one of the 66 cannabinoids, THC (also known as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) exists as the most commonly known compound due to its ability to produce the “high” effects associated with marijuana.

Each of the 66 cannabinoid compounds falls within one of the following six subclasses:

  • Tetrahydrocannabinols or THCs
  • Cannabierols or CBGs
  • Cannabinodiols and cannabinols or CBDL and CBNs
  • Cannabidiols or CBDs
  • Cannabichromenes or CBCs
  • Miscellaneous cannabinoids – cannabitriol (CBT), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE) and others

Cannabis oilCannabis oil is a thick, sticky, resinous substance made up of cannabinoids that is extracted from strains of  the cannabis plant.

Dabbing:  A method of consumption of cannabis concentrates. A dab usually refers to a dose of concentrate that is heated on a hot surface, usually a nail, and then inhaled through a dab rig.

Marijuana:  Marijuana—also known as weed, pot, grass, Mary Jane, reefer, chronic and ganja, among of a host of other slang terms –is a mixture of the dried, shredded leaves and flowers of the Cannabis sativa plant.   Marijuana can be consumed in a multitude of ways, including but not limited to  hand-rolled cigarettes called joints;  via water pipes (or bongs), or via marijuana cigars called blunts.  Marijuana can also brewed into tea and mixed into foodstuffs called edibles. The main psychoactive (mind-altering) chemical in marijuana, responsible for most of the intoxicating effects sought by recreational users, is delta-9-tetrahydro-cannabinol (THC). The chemical is found in resin produced by the leaves and buds primarily of the female cannabis plant.

Hash:   Hash or hashish, is the resin extracted from the flowers of the cannabis plant.  The primary psychoactive substance in hashish is THC, or delta-9-tetrahydro-cannabinol. Hashish is differentiated from marijuana by  higher concentrations of THC than basic marijuana buds.

Hemp:   Industrial hemp and marijuana are both classified by taxonomist as Cannabis sativa, but differ in the concentration of delta-9-tetrahydro-cannabinol or THC (where hemp is less than 0.3-0.5 percent or lower).  Hemp produces a cannabinoid called Cannabidiol or CBD. CBD is a nonpsychoactive component of the cannabis plant commonly used for aid in pain relief for such condition as arthritis.  Hemp is ready for harvesting only 120 days after it is planted.  Products that can be garnered from hemp seed and fibrous stalks include but are not limited to paper, textiles, building materials, food, medicine, paint, detergent, varnish, oil, ink, and fuel, respectively.


Resources on Industrial Hemp:

Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies

Purdue University Industrial Hemp Project